Vietnam: Dunia Baja yang Baru Muncul
Di dalam 2016, permintaan domestik untuk baja di Vietnam mencapai 22 juta ton dan permintaan baja meningkat pada tingkat tahunan rata-rata sekitar 10%. Diperkirakan dalam 2020, itu akan mencapai 30 juta ton dan menjadi yang kedelapan atau kesembilan di dunia. Statistik dari Asosiasi Besi dan Baja Vietnam menunjukkan bahwa di 2016, the construction market in Vietnam increased by about 10% tahun ke tahun. Di dalam 2016, the total steel consumption in Vietnam was about 20 juta ton, an increase of about 8% pada periode yang sama tahun lalu. Diantara mereka, the long material accounted for about 60%, plate and steel accounted for 30% dan 10% masing-masing. Vietnam’s steel imports ranked first in Southeast Asia, with an average annual import volume of 80 billion US dollars, benefiting from the construction market, Vietnam’s steel demand is expected to improve in the further.
Namun, Vietnam’s dependence on imported steel will continue. Vietnam’s steel market maintains a trade deficit of 5 miliar AS. dollars to 6 miliar AS. dollars every year, with a deficit of about 5.8 miliar AS. dollars in 2015 and a growth of 6 miliar AS. dollars in 2016. The main reason for the large steel trade deficit is that the production of Vietnamese steel products is not balanced. In order to fully meet the domestic demand, oversupply of long class products. The self-sufficiency rate of the products is low. The high value-added steel products are dependent on imports seriously, flat material accounted for 60% – 65% of the total imports. Domestic steel companies are still not able to produce their own hot-rolled coil, 50% ~ 60% imported from mainland China. As of now, imported steel can meet 60% of the market demand.
According to statistics from the General Administration of Customs in Vietnam, Vietnam’s steel exports totaled 2.029 miliar AS. dollars in 2016, an increase of 20% pada periode yang sama tahun lalu. The total value of imports was 8.05178 miliar AS. dolar, ke atas 7.2% pada periode yang sama tahun lalu. The increase of steel imports was mainly attributed to the increase of the price of imported steel and the increase of the import volume. Secara khusus, the hot rolled coil and some alloyed steel can not be procured locally, only be imported. Tambahan, billet, coated and color coated plate is also the main imported species. According to the proportion of the countries (regions), they are importing from 51.8% in mainland China, 19.2% in Japan, 12.2% in South Korea and 7.1% in Taiwan.